The sanction that allowed Pilgrims to receive tattoos was passed. Once Pilgrims would make it to
Jerusalem, a Coptic priest sitting outside the walls would tattoo a simple cross or occasionally a more elaborate symbol to
prove they had made the journey.
In Britain, Pope Hadrian banned tattooing referring to it as a barbaric custom and viewed it as "heathen
practices". This resulted in only religious tattoos being allowed during this time because they were thought to
bring "spiritual rewards".
King Harold II of England was the first recorded
royal to have been tattooed. It is unclear as to the exact date he received his tattoo but he lived from AD 1022 to
AD 1066. When he was killed in the Battle of Hastings, the only way his sister could identify his body was because the
words "Edith" and "England" were tattooed over his heart.
The Norman Invasion of Europe caused
tattooing to disappear from Western Culture from the 12th century to the 16th century because the Normans disliked the art
and felt it to be an art of barbarians.